Stress is one of the most basic emotional responses, which can aid survival. Short bursts, called acute stress, enable parrots to remove themselves from dangerous situations.
Unfortunately, chronic, long-term stress can harm parrots’ health and even be fatal.
If your parrot feels threatened or afraid, its body will be flooded with adrenaline. If your parrot has too much adrenaline, this can lead to adrenal gland fatigue, high blood pressure, and obesity.
These are unlikely to kill your parrot immediately but can cause premature death. This occurs when a parrot is exposed to a constant threat. For example, if you own a cat that stalks your parrot constantly.
Stress in Captive Parrots
Wild parrots are surrounded by threats and dangers, which leads to a heightened sense of awareness. They have frequent bursts of adrenaline that give them the energy and reaction time necessary to survive.
Captive parrots rarely face these threats. However, they still have these evolutionary, psychological, and physical tools needed when faced with a real or perceived danger.
This can make parrots jumpy, suspicious, and resistant to change. It can also mean that parrots can die from stress due to long-term physical and emotional exposure.
Parrots lack control over their home environments, so they can’t do the following:
- Fly away from danger
- Choose healthier food
- Avoid predators
- Avoid loud noises, such as TVs, radios, sirens, and car noises
- Find cleaner environments
- Choose companions or mates, as they’re not a part of a flock
- Choose their sleeping patterns
These expose pet parrots to different kinds of stresses.
How Are Parrots Affected By Stress?
Unless a parrot has heart complications, issues with its adrenal gland, or other health issues, it’s unlikely to die from stress suddenly.
However, if a cat stares the parrot down or stalks it constantly, the parrot is likely to grow sick. Parrots that are chronically stressed are more likely to develop illnesses. The negatives of stress include:
- Weaker immune systems
- High blood pressure
- Less willing to eat
- Difficulty processing nutrients
- Inability to sleep
- Adrenal gland issues
- Heart complications
- Breathing difficulties
- Slower recovery from illnesses
A parrot that’s routinely frightened will have a much shorter lifespan.
Is My Parrot Stressed?
To reduce a parrot’s stress, you need to recognize when it’s feeling stressed out. There will be indicators in its body language and habits. However, glancing at a parrot’s feathers and body can reveal problems.
Physical Signs of Stress In Parrots
Parrots are good at hiding injuries and fear, but these signs will be difficult to miss in a stressed parrot:
Stress Bars On Feathers
You’ll notice stress bars. These thin, horizontal lines form across its feathers, running perpendicular to the shaft. The stripes may appear as discoloration or gray blemishes across several feathers.
Long-term stress will affect how a parrot grows its feathers, as it won’t process nutrients efficiently, taking them away to sustain its vital organs.
A parrot that’s stressed might begin plucking its feathers. As the parrot attempts to self-soothe by preening, it’ll remove feathers.
Eventually, it’ll develop into a compulsive habit and a desire to destroy things to relieve fear or frustration. The parrot will take this out on its cage, but it might also target its own body.
Lack of Appetite And Weight Loss
Stressed parrots might refuse to eat or struggle to process nutrients, resulting in weight loss.
You may be unable to tell if your parrot is too thin at a glance. Some parrots have thick feathers, while others are naturally thin. So, check the keel bone to see if it’s too close to the chest.
Behavioral Signs of Stress
Sometimes, only your parrot’s behavior will tell you it’s stressed, including:
If parrots are poorly socialized, spoiled, or hormonal, you may observe an increase in aggression. However, sudden aggression can be a warning sign of stress if your parrot was previously friendly.
You may also find that your parrot fights with other parrots or pets, biting or rebuffing other household members. It could also hiss, scream, and growl at others.
When a parrot shows aggression, it feels scared, threatened, and needs protection. So, it’ll defend itself by trying to be scarier than the threat.
Changes in Vocalization
There’s no such thing as a silent parrot. Even the stoic pionus will squawk, click its tongue, and make other sounds. If you find your parrot refuses to speak, sing, or click its tongue, this is a bad sign.
Stressed parrots may scream and shriek. If flapping wings and hissing accompany this, it signifies the parrot is terrified. Even if there’s no obvious threat or danger, it may begin screaming at all times.
Nervous And Repetitive Behavior
Stressed parrots will repeat behavior as a nervous tic. This will verge on obsessive, with the parrot:
- Rocking its head back and forward
- Pacing back and forth
- Knocking on items
Your parrot is stressed out if these behaviors are paired with a refusal to eat or aggression.
How To Reduce Stress In Parrots
If your parrot exhibits some of the above symptoms, you’ll need to identify the cause of stress. Here are common stress points for parrots:
It’s possible that your parrot feels overwhelmed by the people or animals in its space. If you recently introduced a new parrot to its cage, your original parrot may feel crowded and stressed.
Likewise, inviting guests who talk loudly, interact with the parrot, or move about a lot can unsettle your parrot. Even forcing the parrot to dance, talk, and interact with you for too long can stress it.
Although parrots live in flocks and need socialization, they can get overwhelmed. If the parrot keeps trying to leave or hide, let it spend time in its cage by itself for a while.
Wild parrots interpret sudden sounds, movements, and touch as a threat. For this reason, parrots seldom react well to sudden frights. Parrots can be startled by the following:
- Barking dogs
- Screaming from a child
- Honking cars
- Dropped objects
- Pet activity
Keep your parrot away from windows that are near the street. Don’t put the parrot in with the home theater if you’re playing loud or busy action movies.
If you have an energetic toddler or pet, keep them separate from the parrot. Even something that whizzes by, such as a dart fired from a Nerf gun, could unsettle your parrot.
New Toys Or Cages
Parrots are easily upset by change. If you place a new toy in its cage, your parrot might think it’s a predator. This can cause them to retreat to the far edge of the cage, scream, or attack the toy.
A new cage can stress out a parrot because this is a place of retreat where it feels unsafe. If you suddenly transition it to a new space, the parrot will feel unsettled, insecure, and uncertain about its surroundings.
The parrot may be unable to sleep, unwilling to go into the cage, and feel afraid inside it.
Even if you keep your parrot’s items steady and familiar, it can get upset about changes.
For example, painting a wall a different color, changing furniture, or rearranging your home is enough. The reaction may be more severe if you move house or the parrot has just been adopted.
The parrot won’t recognize its surroundings and may see it as an unsettling change. This can leave your parrot disturbed and uncertain. In the wild, such drastic changes rarely occur.
A dog that barks, a puppy that runs around at high speeds, or other birds that screech and dance may stress a parrot. However, the most stressful animal is cats, as jaguars are a natural enemy of parrots.
A cat may sit near the cage and stare at the parrot. This may seem benign as the cat isn’t technically doing anything wrong, but it harms a parrot’s mental well-being.
The parrot knows that the cage prevents it from flying away and that the cat may attack at any moment.
Yelling And Aggression
Parrots don’t react well to loud human voices. Even though parrots live in large, noisy flocks, these sounds register differently.
Parrots are adept at reading body language and tone, so speaking in a comforting voice is encouraged when interacting with parrots.
Staying Caged Or Limited
A parrot shouldn’t be left in its cage constantly. Also, your living space may be insufficient for the parrot to explore if you live in a small apartment. A parrot may grow stressed if it can’t:
- Stretch its wings
- Move from place to place
- Spend time with you
- Mimic foraging behavior
- Engage in new activities
The University of Guelph noted abnormal behavior in captive parrots. Even if parrots were given some freedom, they’d rebel if it didn’t match what their instincts demanded.
In contrast, wild roaming parrots showed little abnormal behavior. A parrot that wasn’t given enough space to forage became so frustrated that it resorted to self-mutilation.
A parrot can’t be left in its cage or a small living space constantly; it needs to move around, see new sights, and spend time with others. Otherwise, your parrot may resort to destructive behavior.
Too Little Sleep
Parrots need to sleep consistently; if they don’t, they become stressed, frustrated, angry, and self-destructive. For the most part, nightlights and sudden noises keep parrots awake.
The parrot needs light if it’s prone to night frights, which happens when the parrot awakens from a nightmare or is startled by outside noise.
However, if your parrot has no such issue, the night light may keep it awake. According to the University of Antwerp, night lights can disrupt a parrot’s sleep cycle.
High temperatures cause undue stress on a parrot’s body, especially larger birds with more muscle mass. Since parrots don’t have sweat glands, they cool off with the following:
- Fast respirations
Parrots thrive at 65-80 degrees Fahrenheit. If they’re constantly exposed to high temperatures, they’ll grow stressed. If you live in a much warmer climate, monitor your parrot for signs of overheating.
Parrots can die from stress if their owners don’t provide solutions soon enough. Parrots are hyper-aware and cautious of their surroundings. By resolving any stress points, you can keep your parrot healthy.