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can parrots eat sugarcane?

Is Sugarcane Safe for Parrots?

Last Updated on February 19, 2024 by Carrie Stephens

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) is a perennial tropical grass that grows in Southeast Asia. It’s a sweet-tasting and flavorful food that parrots enjoy tearing apart.

Sugarcane is a good calcium, magnesium, fiber, zinc, and potassium source. Don’t overfeed parrots sugarcane because they’ll favor natural sugars and refuse other foods.

Sugarcane is usually frozen. Once it arrives, it’ll have thawed out and be ready for the parrot to eat. It can also be refrozen and saved for future use.

Parrots enjoy shredding and chewing sugarcane sticks for fun and beak maintenance. Parrots grip the sticks with their claws and tear off sections with their beaks.

Why Sugarcane Is Good for Parrots

Sugar isn’t the healthiest food for parrots, but natural sugars are safe in moderation. Unlike refined sugar, sugarcane comprises 100% natural glucose, so it’s entirely unprocessed.

Here are the health benefits sugarcane offers:

Vitamins And Minerals

Captive parrots can’t forage for food, relying on humans to fulfill their dietary requirements. Consequently, some parrots lack the nutrients needed to stay healthy.

is it safe for parrots to eat sugarcane?


Parrots can be deficient in calcium because they lack the enzyme lactase to digest dairy. Calcium is necessary for strong bones and eggshells. The side effects of a calcium deficiency include:

  • Hypocalcemia.
  • Feather-destructive behavior.
  • Heart disorders.
  • High cholesterol.
  • Muscular pain and contractions.
  • Rickets.
  • Lack of coordination.


Without enough iron in their diet, parrots become anemic, lacking red blood cells.

Vet Folio describes anemia as when the blood can’t efficiently carry oxygen around the body, resulting in muscle weakness and fatigue.


A lack of magnesium inhibits calcium absorption, affecting a parrot’s health. Magnesium is essential for nerve and muscle function, bone growth, and temperature regulation.


Potassium is a vital mineral for bone and muscle growth. It also combines with sodium to regulate muscle contractions, nerve signals, and fluid balance.

It’s an electrolyte due to its reactivity in water. When dissolved in water, it produces positively charged ions that conduct electricity, keeping the body healthy.

Potassium may reduce a parrot’s blood pressure, reducing the risk of heart attacks and strokes


Zinc is naturally found in sugarcane and some nuts, whole grains, legumes, and eggs. It helps:

  • Form insulin.
  • Vitamin A to perform its function.
  • Produce healthy cells.
  • Develop cartilage, feathers, and bones.

Antioxidant Properties

Sugarcane provides antioxidants that protect tissues and cells from free radical damage, which causes chronic health conditions like heart disease and osteoarthritis.

Urinary Tract Regulation

Dehydration and nutritional disorders are the most common causes of kidney and urinary tract issues.

The signs of urinary problems include:

  • Frequent urination.
  • Changes to the urine’s color.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Increased or decreased thirst.
  • Lethargy.
  • Loss of appetite.

Sugarcane has diuretic properties that remove excess salt and water from the body, helping the kidneys function. Sugarcane may also ease urinary tract disorders.

Immune System Support

Sugarcane contains flavonoids. These are antioxidants in plants that reduce oxidative stress and improve immune function.

A study in Functional Ecology found a connection between flavonoid consumption and more robust immune systems in frugivores (fruit-eating birds).

After consuming flavonoids for 4 weeks, birds’ immune systems were more robust.


Sugarcane contains 10-15% fiber. Fiber is essential for keeping the digestive system functioning optimally, softening the stools so they’re easier to pass. It also solidifies watery stools.


Sugarcane contains moisture that creates a healthy, delicious juice drink when pressed. In its raw form, sugarcane contains water that keeps parrots hydrated.

Parrots drink around 5% of their body weight in water each day. The benefit of sugarcane juice is that it has high calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron, and manganese levels.

Sugarcane is a good option if a parrot doesn’t drink much and you’re concerned about dehydration.

Low Glycemic Index

Sugarcane has a low glycemic index (GI) of 43.

High glycemic index foods are quickly digested and absorbed into the body. This causes blood sugar level spikes that make parrots hyperactive before becoming tired and lethargic.

In contrast, low-GI foods, like sugarcane, are slowly digested and absorbed. This causes gradual rises in blood sugar, keeping energy levels stable.

can you give parrots sugarcane?

Effects of Too Much Sugarcane

While sugarcane is a healthy treat, it should only be offered occasionally. Here’s why:

Sugar Addiction

Even though sugarcane is among the healthiest sugars, it has addictive qualities.

Parrots hooked on junk food may reject nutritious foods for tastier treats, becoming malnourished. Some will even starve themselves while waiting for the food they prefer.

Weight Gain

Because sugarcane is mostly sugar, over-consumption contributes to weight gain.

As captive parrots spend most of their time caged, they have less opportunity to burn excess calories and regulate their weight. This can lead to:

Give a parrot a sugarcane stick to see if it’s palatable. If a parrot likes it, restrict consumption to once per week. Monitor its food intake to ensure it’s eating nutritious foods.