Home » Different Types of Fischer’s Lovebirds [Genetics + Mutations Guide]
different types of fischer's lovebirds

Different Types of Fischer’s Lovebirds [Genetics + Mutations Guide]

(Last Updated On: October 19, 2022)

Fischer’s lovebirds are native to Africa. Specifically, they’re found south and southeast of Lake Victoria in northern Tanzania and a small area of east-central Africa.

Fischer’s lovebirds have bright green bodies, olive-green heads, and red beaks. Their genetics give them blue, lutino, dilute, dark-eyed clear, dark-eyed white, albino, pied, and cinnamon color variations.

Agapornis Fischeri

Agapornis fischeri is the scientific name of Fischer’s lovebirds. “Agapornis” refers to the bird’s genus, a lovebird.

As a lovebird, Fischers are known for their colorful plumage. According to Ostrich, the Agapornis boasts 30 known color variations.

Fischeri refers to explorer Gustav Fischer, who discovered the bird in the late 19th century. Fischeri was a prolific explorer, finding dozens of new plants and animals.

His name can also be found in other animals, like Fischer’s starling (Lamprotornis fischeri), and even plants, like Fischer’s ragwort (Ligularia fischeri).

Fischer’s Lovebirds Identification

There are three main species of lovebirds. Since they’re part of the same genus, they have similar temperaments and physical characteristics.

Fischer’s lovebirds are the easiest to identify for the following reasons:

Colors

Fischer’s lovebirds can be separated from other lovebirds by their colors alone, which include:

  • They have a green back, chest, and wings.
  • The top of their head is olive green.
  • The face is a bright orange, eventually becoming a golden yellow at the neck.
  • The beak is bright red.
  • Broad ring of white around the eyes.
  • The tip of the tail can be either blue or purple.
  • Legs and feet are blue-grey.
fischer lovebirds types

The juveniles are of a similar color but have the following distinctions:

  • The colors are duller.
  • The base of the mandible has brown markings.

Size

Fischer’s lovebirds are smaller than others of their kind, with the following measurements:

Species ComparisonFischer’s LovebirdMasked LovebirdPeach-Faced Lovebird
Height12.5 to 15.5 cm14.5 to 15.5 cm13 to 19 cm
Weight1.5 to 2 ounces1.5 to 1.75 ounces1.5 to 2.5 ounces
Wingspan9 cm9 cm10 cm

Fischer’s Lovebird Genetics And Mutations

The green-bodied Fischer’s lovebird retains the typical colors of the species. However, if you want a unique bird, you can achieve the following:

Blue

This creates a blue lovebird. However, this mutation changes all parts of the bird, not just its main body. You’ll find this lovebird with:

  • A bright blue back, tail, and chest.
  • The top of its head is a pale grey.
  • The rest of its head is white.
  • The beak is pale pink.

Lutino

The lutino mutation happens when the melanin pigment in birds is suppressed, resulting in an almost entirely yellow bird.

The lutino mutation is similar to the albino mutation. However, lutino is what affects green-series lovebirds; albino, in contrast, will target blue-series lovebirds.

The suppression of melanin results in a bird that won’t develop black, brown, or grey colors. This results in the following colors:

  • The back, tail, and chest are bright yellow.
  • A red beak.
  • Solid, orange head.
  • A bit of red on the face.

Dilute

The dilute mutation reduces the black pigment in the feathers by 80-90%, resulting in a pale bird.

The dilute mutation is a recessive gene. So, for a chick to be visibly dilute, both parents must be at least split for dilute. If both parents are, there is a 25% chance that the offspring will be visibly dilute.

There are two main dilute mutations in Fischer’s lovebirds, which depend on whether the bird is green series or blue series.

Green Dilute

A green dilute produces a more diluted bird than the wild type. This often results in dark grey-green, unlike the bright green of the wild lovebird.

A green dilute bird is easier to achieve because there’s only one recessive gene, namely the dilute gene. The green body gene is dominant, so there’s more chance of a pair producing green offspring.

Blue Dilute

A bright blue hue characterizes the blue Fischer’s lovebird. When the dilute gene is visible, it produces a bird with duller shades, such as grey-blue, sometimes referred to as navy blue.

Note that the green body color is dominant over the blue body color. So, a bird can be split for blue or hiding a blue gene.

Two green birds can create blue offspring, meaning the parents were split for blue or hiding a blue gene. Specifically, these parents have a 1 in 4 chance of creating blue offspring.

The dilute gene functions similarly; dilute is recessive. However, if both parents carry it, they can still produce dilute offspring even if they’re visibly non-dilute.

Dark-Eyed Clear

The dark-eyed clear results in a bird similar to the lutino mutation. However, melanin is only reduced by 95%. It results in the following:

  • Yellow-bodied birds
  • Blue rumps
  • Grey feet 
  • Bright orange hoods, heads, and masks
  • Red beaks
  • Black eyes with a white ring

Dark-Eyed White

The dark-eyed white is a variant of the dark-eyed clear mutation, which is a term used to describe birds with the dark-eyed clear mutation and the blue mutation.

Dark-eyed whites are characterized by the following:

  • White body
  • Pale pink feet and legs
  • The abdomen and tail can be a pale blue or pale violet
  • Pale pink beak

The dark-eyed white is named to differentiate itself from the albino mutation, which can sometimes be referred to as white.

The most obvious difference between albino and other white mutations is in the eyes, as non-albino whites will always have dark eyes, hence the name.

Albino

An albino color results in a mutation that suppresses melanin production. The albino mutation functions similarly to the lutino mutation; the difference is that it affects blue-series birds.

Albinos are different from dark-eyed whites because there’s no melanin in the eyes, resulting in a bird with a bright red iris.

Dark-eyed white Fischer’s lovebirds also have a diluted color on their tail and abdomen, which is never present in albino mutations.

The albino mutation is characterized by the following:

  • Completely white body
  • Pale pink legs and feet
  • Pale pink beak
  • Bright red eyes

Pied

The pied mutation is characterized by patches of feathers on the body with no melanin. Piedness can result in different colors, depending on the dominant color of the bird.

For example, in pied greens, like the non-variant color of Fischer’s lovebirds, the pied mutation will result in yellow spots. For pied blues, piedness will result in white splotches of color.

Any bird can carry the pied mutation on top of other mutations. Depending on its dominant color, you can expect your bird to be either blue with white spots or green with yellow spots.

Cinnamon

The cinnamon is a diluting mutation, affecting dark or dark grey markings.

Females tend to have a more diluted color than males; this diluted color is often a light brown, very similar to the shade of white coffee.

Cinnamons have feathers that appear tighter than the normal type, resulting in silky plumage.

Fischer’s Masked Hybrid

Hybrids between Fischer’s lovebirds and masked lovebirds are common. However, this hybrid is often mislabeled as a pure Fischer’s lovebird. To differentiate the two, focus on the following:

  • Forehead
  • Cheeks
  • Head

These will be noticeably darker in a Fischer’s/masked hybrid than non-hybrids. You can find them in captivity, but they’re also found in wild populations. They’re characterized by the following:

  • A face is reddish-brown, slightly black, with a bit of dark orange.
  • The top of the head is a dull olive.
  • The chest and neck are orange, with a bit of dull yellow.
  • The rest of the body is a bright green.
  • They have white rings around the eyes, with brown irises.
  • The beak is red.
  • The top of the wings is dark green, with a lighter underside.
  • Outer tail feathers are edged with a yellow band.
  • The rump is greyish blue.
  • Legs and feet are grey.

Fischer’s Lovebird Male-Female Difference

Fischer’s lovebirds have no sexual dimorphism, which means there are no physical characteristics that differentiate females from males.

Due to sexual morphism, the most reliable way to determine the sex of the bird is through DNA testing. According to Bio Web of Conferences, the polymerase chain reaction test can also be used to determine the sex of a Fischer’s lovebird.