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why do parrots need exercise?

How Much Exercise Do Parrots Need?

Wild parrots can travel 15 miles a day in search of food.

In its caged environment, your parrot will be far more sedentary. Ensuring that it gets its heart rate up and its muscles moving will improve its health and mood.

Parrots need a minimum of 2 exercise sessions per week, each lasting for 20-30 minutes. They need toys that provide enrichment and stimulate further activity, such as perches, swings, and ropes.

Encourage your parrot to play, climb, walk, and flap its wings during a workout session. You can even take your parrot outside to fly on a harness if there aren’t any airborne predators where you live.

Parrots have much-shortened lifespans when they’re unfit.

Why Do Parrots Need Exercise?

Parrots have high-paced metabolisms to support the amount of energy and activity they require in the wild. Inside your home, this need for movement lessens, but their metabolism doesn’t.

If parrots aren’t kept active, they become:

Fitness in parrots not only ensures that the ratio of fat and cholesterol remains in a healthy range. It also keeps your parrot happier and more even-tempered.

According to Harvard University, exercise allows parrots to burn energy and produce endorphins. Because of that, your parrot won’t just gain toned muscle mass but also a balanced mood.

Not exercising your parrot hampers its ability to feel socialized or enriched. It may become depressive and unwilling to interact. Bored parrots can become destructive, both to their surroundings and themselves. It can even shorten their lifespan.

Heart complications and diseases of the liver and kidneys arise with increased cholesterol and fat content.

Parrots are long-lived animals when cared for properly. Larger species can even reach 70+.

How To Exercise Your Parrot

A large portion of your parrot’s fitness routine will be handled alone, either from inside its cage or with its toys in your living room. In some cases, you can take the parrot flying or teach your parrot to fetch.

Cycle through many different exercises. Parrots can get burned out on the same activities over and over again. If you switch up the options, the parrot will feel mentally enriched and physically energized.

Schedule exercises at about the same time each day. If you work out with your parrot, keep these days consistent. This will enable your parrot to recognize when playtime has arrived and look forward to spending that time with you.

small parrot exercise needs

Right Cage

As intelligent animals, parrots require lots of enrichment opportunities. Those that lack such items experience boredom and depression, leading to feather plucking and destructive behaviors.

Even if you allow your parrot to free-roam in a room or house during the day, its cage must still be of an appropriate size. A large enough cage will allow your parrot to hop around and flap its wings, which is crucial for remaining active. Horizontal bars allow the parrot to scale the inside of its cage and hang upside down when it needs exercise.

Parrot Exercise Toys

Parrots need many toys and perches to keep themselves occupied during hours when you’re not present. Most love hanging upside down, climbing, and hopping around from perch to perch.  Ensure that you provide many objects to accommodate this, like branches and perches.


You can even tie strips of material on perches to encourage the parrots to dangle and swing. Try setting up multiple swings at different levels so that your parrot can enjoy an obstacle course. You can also hang knotted ropes to encourage the parrot to climb and swing. This is a great workout for the feet and legs.

Chew Toys

Provide lots of items made from wood and cardboard for the parrot to chew on and play with. Not only does this provide good enrichment, but such objects stop the parrot’s beak from overgrowing.

Flight Sessions

Parrots mainly travel and exercise with their wings. Because of this, you should let your parrot fly in a safe environment when you can. These aerobic exercises are a great socialization tool, reinforcing your bond with the parrot. Try performing 1-2 of these sessions a week. Be sure to:

  • Pick a larger room without many objects to run into.
  • Turn off any fans.
  • Ensure the windows are shut.
  • Lock the doors and ensure no one is coming home soon, just in case.
  • Avoid outdoor flight sessions, even with large parrots, as dangers can harm or frighten the birds.

For solo flight sessions, you can have the parrot fly a short distance to you from a perch. This can be difficult initially, but once the parrot is in the habit, it will look forward to the exercise. You can also initiate solo flapping sessions for parrots with clipped wings.

  1. Allow the bird to perch on your arm
  2. Gently hold its feet in place
  3. Move your arm up and down or in circles
  4. This excites the parrot, and will encourage it to flap its wings without taking off

Multi-person flight sessions can be a little easier to start if the parrot trusts all the people involved. Encourage the parrot to fly from one person to the other. Offer encouragement and allow the parrot frequent breaks. While their wild relatives can fly for long periods of time, they have the advantage of wind currents to provide lift. Your bird does not.


Parrots love to play. They are very social animals and enjoy interacting with those they have bonded to. Since they’re so clever, the more interesting the game is, the more engaged your parrot will be.

Food puzzles are a must for species like macaws, which need lots of mental enrichment. You can buy pre-made ones at certain pet stores.

You can also provide your parrot with whole nuts (like almonds) or ones with shells that need to be cracked open. This encourages the parrot to peck, toss, and gnaw at the food, strengthening its beak and staying active.


Parrots also love to dance. You can create a play session by flipping on some music and jiving with your bird. Parrots love dance moves that involve:

  • Bobbing their heads
  • Spinning
  • Moving from side to side
  • Flapping their wings (or waving your arms)


Parrots love baths as a way to splash around in the water, ruffle their feathers, and clean themselves. As such, you can encourage your pet to get active with a shower. Here’s how:

  • Try setting up a perch in your own shower so that the bird can play in the water with you.
  • You can also turn on the kitchen faucet and let your parrot dance under the water stream.
  • Some parrots even like being spritzed with a spray bottle. Yours might scurry away and then quickly run back for more.

Playing Fetch

If your parrot’s wings are clipped and it’s unable to fly, then walking may be its only real way of moving around. In this situation, you can encourage the parrot to walk more often through games.

Try teaching it to play fetch by throwing a toy or piece of food a short distance. The parrot will scurry over to retrieve it, and if you’ve taught it the skill, it will even bring it back to you.

How To Keep Your Parrot Healthy

Parrots rely on four main elements to live a long, healthy life. In one way or another, each of the following factors ties back into exercise. That makes it important to give your parrot more interesting ways to stay active. 

Daily Enrichment

Parrots need to be kept occupied throughout the day, or they can become bored. This leads to behavioral problems, such as feather plucking. Always ensure that the parrot has access to enrichment opportunities every day.

Simply allowing the parrot to spend time with you during the evening and giving it puzzles or toys for the day is fine. Intersperse the week with more enrichment opportunities to ensure that the parrot feels properly stimulated.

Bi-Weekly Exercise

Exercise is a must for parrots, especially larger birds. Ideally, conduct two exercise sessions a week. These can include any of the methods we discussed above, interchanged as needed to exercise different body parts. For example:

  • Try a flight session one day of the week
  • Two days later, pick a second exercise like fetching, playing with food toys, or climbing sessions
  • Keep sessions between 20-30 minutes long. You don’t want to exhaust and overtax the bird.

If your parrot is recovering from injury or needs to lose weight, your vet may prescribe a more specific exercise plan.

Healthy Diet

As noted by BioOne, an improper diet is a pervasive and serious issue in pet birds. That’s especially true for those of the psittacine (parrot) family. Our knowledge of how to care for these unique animals in captivity is still evolving. For now, pellet foods are believed to offer a more balanced, effective diet for parrots.

However, parrots can be picky about their food. Pellets, despite being healthy, aren’t always the most enticing option. That’s why it’s a wonderful idea to give your parrot fresh:

Not only do these entice the parrot to eat, but it ensures that your parrot gains all the required nutrients. That will help your parrot have more energy for the next exercise section.

Social Needs

Social time is important for parrots, especially solo birds without a companion. Spending time with your parrot will reinforce your bond, but most importantly, it serves as enrichment. Depending on the activities you choose, it can even be exercise too. Try letting your bird:

  • Perch on your shoulder as you putter around the home
  • Sit on your arm as you relax watching a movie
  • Take it for a walk using a bird harness
  • Tell it about your day and teach it new words
  • Share a meal with it, so long as the food is healthy for the bird and free of additives

These amazing animals form close social bonds with their owners and do indeed feel emotions. A well-loved parrot will be happier, healthier, and more willing to exercise.

why do parrots need exercise?

Where Can I Take My Parrot To Fly?

It’s natural for a parrot to fly. Indulging this behavior is good for your parrot’s health, but it’s not always easy to find a safe place. Flight sessions can be difficult if you live in a small apartment or have other animals in the home.

Unfortunately, your options are limited. Free-flight outdoors is not worth the risk, no matter the benefits. The parrot could get lost, hurt by a stray cat, startled by all the new sights, or contract an illness.

Instead, seek out friends and family. They may be happy to allow your parrot to fly in their garage or living room. Perhaps one has a barn. Just ensure there aren’t any open doors or windows for the parrot to escape through.

You can also build an aviary, so the parrot has an enclosed area to explore. For short distances, you can even let the parrot outside on a harness. Just keep in mind that being outdoors will always expose your parrot to a greater chance of illness or disease.

Walking A Parrot

You can put a harnessed parrot on your shoulder and explore the neighborhood together. You can also place its cage in a buggy and wander around to see new sights or people. This won’t count as exercise, but it can be good fun for you both. Parrots that are well-entertained throughout the day will be more interested in exercising later.

Small Parrot Exercise Needs

No matter the species or size, all parrots need exercise. However, you might find it simpler to exercise a small parrot, like a cockatiel, rather than a large macaw. This is because free-flight time in the home allows for greater distances to fly.

Smaller parrots will enjoy the same activities as large parrots. Play games with them, do flight training and give them plenty of enriching toys to mess around with. They also need two active sessions a week, a balanced diet, and social time. The only difference is you have more room to play.

My Parrot Is Not Active

There are times when a parrot may appear inactive, lethargic, or listless. It may also resist your efforts to encourage it to exercise. This can signify that there is something physically wrong with the parrot, such as illness or injury. Check for any additional symptoms, including:

  • Ruffled feathers
  • Loss of appetite
  • Feather plucking
  • Poor balance
  • Unusual aggression
  • Abnormal droppings
  • Discharge from the nose, eyes, or mouth
  • Tail bobbing
  • Labored or noisy breathing

New parrots will also take time to adjust to a new environment and family. Low activity during the adjustment period isn’t uncommon. Allow the parrot to become accustomed to its new home, and you will slowly see it come out of its shell. Don’t stress about exercising the parrot during this time, but do provide it with enrichment toys.

There are many ways to keep a parrot active and fit, including flight training, play sessions, and enrichment objects. By keeping your parrot on the move, it can live a longer, more fulfilling life.