can parrots eat pineapple?

Are Parrots Allowed Pineapple? (Dried, Core, Skin + Leaves)

Parrots are associated with palm trees, sandy beaches, and tropical fruits. You may wonder if pineapples are safe for parrots to eat. If your parrot has a sweet tooth, a few chunks of pineapple sounds like the perfect healthy treat.

Parrots can eat pineapple as no part of this fruit is toxic or harmful. This fruit is high in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and enzymes. When given in moderation, your parrot will benefit from higher energy levels, improved bone health, immunity, and disease resistance. Parrots can even eat the leaves, core, and skin.

The only risk comes from commercially bought pineapples as they may contain added sugar, artificial coloring, preservatives, and toxic sugar substitutes. Check the labels of canned pineapple, dried pineapple, and pineapple juice.

Can Parrots Eat Pineapple?

Pineapple is non-toxic and contains no substances that might turn poisonous in your parrot’s gut. In fact, wild parrots often rely on pineapple as a source of food, fiber, vitamins, and water. If you want your parrot to feel more at home (and gift it with a sweet treat), pineapple is a great choice.

The meaty part of this fruit is full of vitamins and minerals. With its high water content, your parrot can stay hydrated as it snacks on juicy pieces. While too much can overload your parrot with natural sugars, a sparing amount of pineapple is healthy.

Can Parrots Eat Pineapple Core?

The core is not only safe, but it’s packed with nutrients:

  • Bromelain. This enzyme helps to clot blood and boost the immune system.
  • Vitamin C. This is also an immune system booster, as well as an antioxidant.

You can safely feed a pineapple core to your parrot, but it may not be your parrot’s favorite aspect of the fruit. Pineapple cores are:

  • Less juicy
  • Less flavorful and bitter
  • Tough and thick in texture

Your parrot may prefer the juicy outer meat over the taste of the core. So, it’s a good idea to place a few chunks of the core in the parrot’s food bowl. When your pet is bored, it can find enrichment by grinding through the tough core like a toy. This provides it with vitamins and other health benefits.

can parrots eat canned pineapple?

Can Parrots Eat Pineapple Skin?

This thick, sometimes sharp outer layer will keep your parrot busy. It can peck, chew, and gnaw at the surface. It will benefit from the healthy vitamins and minerals found in the skin.

Most of all, this includes high amounts of beta carotene. This is a pigment that gives the pineapple its bright yellow color. Once ingested, this compound is converted into Vitamin A, which can improve your parrot’s:

  • Eye health
  • Bone health
  • Immune system
  • Resistance to certain cancers

Beta carotene is an antioxidant. This can help reduce inflammation, slow the effects of aging, and keep your parrot full of energy. You’ll find beta carotene in other fruits and veggies, such as:

  • Carrots
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Broccoli
  • Winter squash
  • Cantaloupe
  • Apricots

So, while the skin isn’t as flavorful as the pineapple meat, your parrot will still gain some perks.

Can Parrots Eat Pineapple Leaves?

Pineapples have a tall crown of leaves on their head. However, these leaves are largely ignored and thrown away during food preparation. While humans won’t benefit from consuming these hard, spiky greens, your parrot can.

Your parrot will safely tear up, chew, and eat these leaves. However, because they lack any distinct flavor, your parrot may forgo the meal. Instead, the leaves will become a toy.

In fact, certain species of parrots in the wild use these leaves as chew toys. Pineapples belong to the bromeliad family, which is a common plant family found in the tropics. In the wild, parrots and bromeliads naturally co-exist together. Your parrot may instinctively know to rip, pull, and gnaw on the leaves.

How To Give Your Parrot Pineapple Leaves

Although non-toxic and safe, you should always separate the leaves from other parts of the pineapple. Some owners mistakenly place the leaves in their parrot’s cage with pineapple skin or meat attached.

The leaves will stay fresh for a long time, while the other parts will not. Once the meat or skin begins to rot, this can attract bacteria and mold. Your parrot may get sick or dirty as it plays with the leaves (and its rotting attachments).

Is Pineapple Good For Parrots?

According to the International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences, pineapples are healthy for parrots. Here, it was shown that pineapples serve as a crucial part of the human diet in many regions. The same is true for parrots, especially those from tropical environments.

The presence of this fruit enables parrots to gain vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that can’t be found anywhere else. So, when you feed your parrot a slice, what kind of health boosts can it expect?


Antioxidants are a compound used to fight free radicals. These are reactive molecules that contain oxygen. Because free radicals are so reactive, they can cause large-scale chain reactions in the body’s chemical balance called oxidation. If your parrot has the right amount of antioxidants, then the oxidation process is kept in order.

If your parrot lacks antioxidants, this results in oxidative stress. This stress affects proteins, lipids, and DNA, which are essential. According to the Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, free radicals may hasten head and neck cancers.

So, your parrot must eat pineapple and other foods with antioxidants. It can lessen the effects of aging and reduce age-related diseases, such as:

  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Neurodegenerative diseases
  • Cancer

There are many types of antioxidants present in pineapple. The most abundant are phenolic acids and flavonoids. According to the Journal of Natural Products, flavonoids can have positive effects, such as:

  • Limiting allergies
  • Fighting off viral infections
  • Reducing inflammation

Immunity Booster

Pineapples are also high in immune system boosters. The two most abundant compounds are Vitamin C and bromelain. These two compounds are responsible for:

  • Cell regeneration
  • Wound repair
  • Combating bacteria and viruses
  • Formulating collagen
  • Absorbing iron

Eating pineapple will not only help your parrot recover from a range of ailments and fend off illnesses. Since parrots are known to have delicate immune systems, it pays to give them a boost when you can.  

Better Digestion

A parrot’s digestive system can be fragile. Pineapple is full of different minerals, enzymes, and compounds which can:

  • Strengthen a parrot’s stomach lining
  • Rebalance the good bacteria in its gut
  • Promote smooth digestion
  • Encourage healthy bowel movements

Alongside vitamin C, bromelain, and other enzymes, pineapple is high in fiber. The stringy nature of the meat, the thick outer shell, and the leaves all provide roughage for your parrot. This can help:

  • Clear your parrot’s intestinal tract
  • Aid the absorption of nutrients
  • Prevent upset stomachs

Bone Strength

Parrots, especially the larger species, have certain bones that are hollow. This improves their ability to fly by keeping them light. However, it also puts them at risk. Your parrot must have sufficient nutrients to keep its thin bones strong. Fortunately, pineapple is rich in the mineral manganese, which has been linked to strengthening:

  • Bones
  • Bone fiber
  • Connective tissue

Also, 118 mg. of calcium is found in a single pineapple. While not a large amount, it can help your parrot have stronger, more durable bones. With more resilient connective tissue, your parrot can also be more agile. Parrots can also be provided with cuttlefish to increase their calcium intake. 

Can Parrots Eat Canned Pineapple?

Canned pineapples are usually as safe and healthy as fresh pineapple. The canning process doesn’t usually remove the nutrients, nor does it introduce any harmful chemicals, but always check the ingredients on the label. Canned pineapples should retain their original flavor and texture. There are many benefits:

  • Cheaper than fresh pineapple
  • Bought in bulk and easily stored
  • No need to skin and dice up the fruit

However, there are cases where it’s better to get fresh, whole pineapple.

can parrots eat dried pineapple?

Are Fresh Pineapples Better For Parrots?

While the canning process itself does not change the pineapple, the water content may vary. Some canned pineapples are sweetened with added sugars. This is to:

  • Preserve the original texture
  • Maintain the shape of the pineapple chunks
  • Keep the color vibrant
  • Add additional sweetness

This makes canned pineapples more marketable. However, it’s not good for your parrot. Birds should not consume artificial sweeteners, processed sugar, or too much natural sugar.

Preparing Canned Pineapples For Parrots

If you only have canned pineapples, you can remove most of the sugar yourself. This can be done by:

  • Placing the fruit inside a strainer
  • Rinsing it under cold, running water

This should wash away most of the syrup. However, some will remain. If you want to keep your parrot’s food as sugar-free as possible, then opt for fresh pineapple or tinned, unsweetened pineapple chunks.

Look for cans that have little or no sugar. These are often labeled ‘light syrup’ or ‘100% juice.’ Those branded with ‘heavy syrup’ are used for desserts or candied dishes and should be avoided. These can lead to weight gain, fatty liver disease, and diabetes.

Can Parrots Eat Dried Pineapple?

Not only are dried pineapples entirely safe, but they’re also:

While some of the nutrients will be lost in the drying process, others remain. Your parrot will still benefit from vitamins, minerals, and fiber. If you dry the fruit at home, this will be the safest, healthiest option. Store-bought varieties add preservatives and sugar to improve the taste and lifespan of the pineapple. To make dried pineapple at home:

  1. Chop the pineapple into small chunks
  2. Place the pieces on a baking tray
  3. Heat your oven to 170 degrees Fahrenheit
  4. Let the chunks cook slowly

Can Parrots Drink Pineapple Juice?

If freshly squeezed from organic, fresh chunks that you’ve diced at home, the juice will be safe. It will contain a smattering of vitamins and minerals, keeping your parrot healthy and hydrated.  

Avoid commercially processed juice. These brands are high in sugar, preservatives, and artificial colors. You can look for sugar-free brands, but these often substitute sugar with xylitol. That chemical is toxic to parrots.

Do Parrots Like Pineapple?

Every parrot is different. Some will beg for pineapple chunks, while others may dislike the flavor. The natural sugars are usually enough to tempt even the pickiest bird into taking a bite.

Ensure that your parrot doesn’t overindulge. It should be balanced with other foods, like pellets, vegetables, nuts, and seeds. When fed in the right portions, pineapple can be a tasty treat or health booster for your parrot’s diet.