Checking your parrot’s droppings can reveal a great deal about its diet, health, and well-being. Red, yellow, or white droppings may seem normal, but their meanings are more concerning.
Parrot poop should be green with specs or streaks of white and be accompanied by colorless urine. This indicates that your parrot is digesting its food properly and has no obvious health issues. However, there could be a disease, illness, or internal injury if the parrot’s droppings are red, pea-green, yellow, or otherwise discolored.
The texture of a parrot’s droppings is important. If the feces are watery, dry, mushy, or stiff, this can signify a health issue. The same is true if your parrot doesn’t poop or poops too much.
Healthy Parrot Poop Color
There are three different aspects to a bird’s poop:
- Green: Feces
- White: Urates from the kidneys
- Liquid: Colorless urine
The green and white portions should be equal. There should be enough urine to make a wet ring around the poop.
What Does Parrot Poop Look Like?
If your parrot has healthy droppings, you can tell at a glance. Healthy parrot poop will be:
- An even green color. This may be lighter or darker, ranging from grass-green to olive-green
- Surrounded by liquid. A parrot pees and poops at the same time, so the consistency may be watery
- Tube-like in shape. The poop itself will be short and tubular
- Firm in texture. You can tell if the poop looks firm and well packed
- Urine should be clear: It should account for 30-50% of the droppings
- Urates should be white/chalky in appearance. Other colors may indicate problems
If a parrot’s staple diet is seed-based, its feces will be dark green. However, if the staple diet is pellets, its poop will take on the color of the pellets.
Why Is My Parrot’s Poop Loose?
Your parrot’s poop may lack firmness if it’s recently eaten watery food, such as:
Watery poop isn’t a bad thing, simply reflecting a small dietary change. Stools will naturally be firmer when the parrot has eaten seeds, nuts, or other fiber-heavy foods.
If your parrot’s droppings are consistently loose or discolored, this can mean that your parrot has diarrhea.
What Should Parrot Poop Smell Like?
Your parrot’s healthy droppings should have no smell. If the cage isn’t cleaned for a long time, that’ll change.
The area will have a dry, musty smell. More than anything, this is an unhealthy environment for the parrot to live in.
What Texture Should Parrot Droppings Have?
Healthy poop will have the consistency of toothpaste. They’ll be firm enough to keep their form but not so stiff that they remain intact when pressed.
A parrot’s dropping shouldn’t be too wet or dry. Too dry can indicate that your parrot is dehydrated or improperly digesting food. Too wet can indicate diarrhea or a stomach infection.
The right texture and consistency are connected to your parrot’s diet. It may change from day to day or week to week while still being within normal variants.
What Size Should Parrot Poop Be?
The size of the poop depends on the size of the parrot. Check for sudden changes in size.
If your parrot is passing too-large droppings, it may be passing something it cannot digest. If the droppings are too small, your parrot may have impaction or another digestive issue.
How Often Should I Check My Parrot’s Droppings?
Check the poop when:
- Taking the parrot out of its cage
- Cleaning the cage
- You’ve changed the parrot’s diet
- The parrot is showing signs of illness or lethargy
Your parrot may have slightly different poop than other birds. Once you become familiar with the appearance of normal parrot poop, you can more accurately identify a more concerning change.
Keep in mind that parrot droppings, as they dry, may harden and change color slightly.
Abnormal Parrot Droppings
Once you know what healthy parrot poop looks like, you can spot any worrying changes.
Abnormal parrot poop will have one or more of the following features:
- Light in color
- Mustard yellow
- Rusty-brown or bloody
- Coarse in texture
- Watery and mushy
- Contains undigested food
- Urine has no color
- Bits of dead worm in its poop
Why Is My Parrot’s Poop Red?
Your parrot’s droppings may:
- Contain streaks of red
- Be tinted red
- Be surrounded by a watery, red liquid
If your parrot has recently eaten red-colored food, this could reflect in its droppings. For example, beetroot is known to tint feces with a pinkish-red color. However, red coloring may also be a sign of bleeding.
Why Is My Parrot Pooping Blood?
If the red in your parrot’s poop is blood, the bleeding may be due to:
- Internal damage to the stomach lining
- A rip in the intestinal tract
- A tear around the parrot’s anus
If so, the droppings will contain streaks of red, the urine will be slightly red, and there may be flecks of black. In more severe cases, the parrot may not pass any healthy feces and will have diarrhea that’s bloody.
The blood may be due to a tear around their anus that requires time to heal, but it could be internal bleeding.
Why Is My Parrot’s Poop Brown?
If the poop is rusty-brown, tar-like, or black, it could indicate that your parrot is bleeding internally. Any injury will be high within the digestive tract.
The blood will have dried slightly as it was processed, coming out darkly colored. These droppings will be black or rusty-brown immediately after your parrot poops.
However, black-ish or brown poop can mean that the parrot’s healthy droppings have sat for too long. Poop will naturally darken as it dries. If your parrot has darker green droppings, this minor difference could fool a new owner into thinking it’s dried blood.
If your parrot is otherwise fine, you should monitor the poop. If its next droppings are an even green color, the darker poop has just sat for too long.
Why Is My Parrot’s Poop Light Green?
While green poop is a healthy color, your parrot’s feces should lean toward a dark green. If the poop is very light in color, even pea-green, this could indicate liver damage.
This will be accompanied by other signs of illness, such as:
- Fluffed feathers
- Refusal to eat
- Wet droppings
- Yellow urates
Why Is My Parrot’s Poop White?
Your parrot’s feces may come out white or be clay-like in texture. There may also be too much water or not enough. In this case, your parrot may have issues with its pancreas or other digestive organs.
Why Is My Parrot’s Poop Yellow?
Parrots droppings that are yellow and watery in texture mean that there’s extra urine. It will have a grayish hue. This indicates that they may have chlamydophila psittaci (pneumonia).
Parrot Has Lumpy Poop
If the droppings are thick, lumpy, or unevenly textured, this may be undigested food. In some cases, you’ll be able to identify the pieces of food.
This could mean that your parrot has:
- Issues with its digestive system
- PDD, which affects the nerves and the digestive tract
- Giardia, which is a parasite that causes diarrhea in parrots
Why Is My Parrot Pooping Less?
If your parrot is pooping less than normal, this could mean that it:
- Has stopped eating
- Is eating less than normal
- Is constipated
- It has impaction
Parrots don’t stop eating or lose their appetite for no reason.
If this continues for several days, it’s due to a more problematic issue. However, if your parrot doesn’t poop or poops less for a day or two, it’s unlikely to be a problem.
Why Is My Parrot Pooping So Much?
If your parrot is pooping more than normal, it could have internal problems, such as:
- Pancreatic disease
- Kidney disease
It depends on what the parrot is producing when it goes to the toilet. You can also tell by the ratio of the poop – whether it’s producing more feces, urine, or urates.
Why Has My Parrot Stopped Pooping?
If your parrot isn’t pooping or has a hard time pooping, it may have a blockage due to an egg (if it’s a female) or something in its gastrointestinal tract.
Parrot Has Watery Poop
If there’s more urine than normal, that could mean that your parrot:
- Is drinking excessively
- Has a bacterial infection
According to Veterinary Clinics of North America, parasitic and bacterial infections are common in parrots. Watery poop is one way to discover if your parrot has this issue.
Parrot Has Dry Poop
If your parrot’s feces are overly dry, this could mean that it’s dehydrated or has kidney issues.
Abnormal Urine Or Urates In Parrots
The color of urine and urates is as important as the poop itself. If you notice a change, here are the meanings:
- Green or yellow urine: This color indicates liver disease
- Red urine: If you see red urine, this usually means internal bleeding in the lower half of the digestive tract.
- Green or yellow urates: This usually means liver disease or anorexia
- Brown urates: Brown urates could be due to lead poisoning
- Red urates: Red urates can mean kidney disease or internal bleeding
No Urates In Bird Poop
If your parrot’s poop has no urates, this indicates a kidney problem. You will need to consult with your vet for further testing to determine the cause.
Can You Ignore Abnormal Parrot Poop?
Not every warning sign is a reason for concern. Your parrot may have a mild stomach issue that will pass on its own. Harmless changes in diet may also cause certain changes to a parrot’s feces.
Monitor your parrot for other signs or symptoms:
- Has your parrot stopped eating?
- Is your parrot sitting at the bottom of its cage?
- Is your parrot breathing with its mouth open or wheezing?
- Does your parrot have less energy than normal?
These factors should be taken into account, alongside the parrot’s droppings. If abnormal poop continues or your parrot shows other adverse health symptoms, seek the opinion of an avian veterinarian.