Parrots’ droppings reveal important information about their diet, health, and well-being.
Their poop should be green with specs or streaks of white and be accompanied by colorless urine. This shows that a parrot is digesting its food correctly and has no obvious health concerns.
However, if the droppings are red, pea-green, yellow, or otherwise discolored, the parrot could have an illness, hydration issue, internal injury, or disease.
The texture of the droppings is equally important. If the feces are watery (mushy) or dry (stiff), this could mean that a parrot has diarrhea, dehydration, constipation, or a digestive problem.
Healthy Parrot Poop Color
There are three different parts of parrot poop:
- Green: Feces
- White: Urates from the kidneys
- Liquid: Colorless urine
The green and white portions should be equal, with enough urine to form a wet ring around the poop.
What Does Parrot Poop Look Like?
Healthy parrot poop will be:
- An even green color. This may be lighter or darker, ranging from grass-green to olive-green.
- Surrounded by liquid. A parrot pees and poops simultaneously, so the consistency may be watery.
- Tube-like in shape. The poop will be short and tubular.
- Firm in texture. The poop looks firm and well-packed.
- Urine should be clear: Accounts for 30-50% of the waste.
- Urates should be white/chalky. Other colors may indicate problems.
If a parrot’s staple diet consists of pellets, its poop will be the color of the pellets.
Why Is My Parrot’s Poop Loose?
Your parrot’s poop may lack firmness if it’s recently eaten watery food, such as:
Watery poop isn’t bad if it reflects a modest dietary change. Stools will naturally be firmer when the parrot has eaten seeds, nuts, or fiber-dense foods.
If a parrot’s droppings are consistently loose or discolored, it likely has diarrhea.
What Should Parrot Poop Smell Like?
Healthy parrot droppings should have no smell. If the cage isn’t cleaned for a long time, the area will have a dry, musty smell. More than anything, this is an unhealthy environment for the parrot.
What Texture Should Parrot Droppings Have?
Healthy poop has the consistency of toothpaste. It’ll be firm enough to keep its form but not so stiff that it remains intact when pressed.
A parrot’s dropping shouldn’t be too wet or dry. Too-dry poop can indicate that a parrot is dehydrated or isn’t properly digesting food, while too-wet poop can indicate diarrhea or stomach infection.
The texture and consistency of poop depend on a parrot’s diet, so it may change from day to day or week to week while still being within an acceptable range.
What Size Should Parrot Poop Be?
The size of the poop depends on the parrot’s size, so check for any sudden changes in size.
If a parrot is passing too-large droppings, it may pass something it can’t digest. If the droppings are too small, the parrot may have constipation or another digestive issue.
How Often Should I Check My Parrot’s Droppings?
Take the opportunity to check the poop in the following circumstances:
- Letting the parrot out of its cage for enrichment and exercise
- Cleaning out the cage
- Dietary changes
- Signs of illness or lethargy
Parrot droppings, as they dry, may harden and change color slightly.
Abnormal Parrot Droppings
Abnormal parrot poop will have one or more of the following features:
- Light color
- Mustard yellow
- Rusty-brown or bloody
- Larger than normal
- Coarse texture
- Watery and mushy
- Contains undigested food
- Urine is colorless
- Dead worms in its poop
Why Is My Parrot’s Poop Red?
A parrot’s droppings may:
- Contain streaks of red
- Be tinted red
- Be surrounded by red liquid
If a parrot has recently eaten red-colored food, this could reflect the color of its droppings. For example, beetroot leads to pinkish-red feces.
Unfortunately, red can be a sign of internal bleeding.
Why Is My Parrot Pooping Blood?
If the red in a parrot’s poop is blood, the bleeding may be due to the following:
- Internal damage to the stomach lining
- A rip in the intestinal tract
- A tear around the parrot’s anus
If so, the droppings will contain streaks of red, the urine will be slightly red, and there may be flecks of black. The parrot may not pass healthy feces or have bloody diarrhea in severe cases.
The blood may be due to a tear around the anus that needs time to heal or internal bleeding.
Why Is My Parrot’s Poop Brown?
If the poop is rusty-brown, tar-like, or black, it could indicate that a parrot is bleeding internally. Any injury will be within the digestive tract.
The blood will have dried slightly while being processed, coming out darkly colored. The droppings will be black or rusty-brown immediately after the parrot poops.
However, blackish or brown poop can mean that the parrot’s healthy droppings have sat too long. Poop will naturally darken as it dries. If a parrot has darker green droppings, this minor difference could fool a new owner into thinking it’s dried blood.
If the parrot is otherwise alright, monitor the poop’s color. If its next droppings are an even green color, the darker poop has sat for too long.
Why Is My Parrot’s Poop Light Green?
While green poop is healthy, a parrot’s feces should be dark green. If the poop is very light-colored, even pea-green, this could indicate liver damage. If so, this will be accompanied by the following:
- Fluffed feathers
- Refusal to eat
- Wet droppings
- Yellow urates
Why Is My Parrot’s Poop White?
A parrot’s feces may come out white or be clay-like in texture, and there may be too much or too little water. If so, the parrot may have issues with its pancreas or other digestive organs.
Why Is My Parrot’s Poop Yellow?
Yellow and watery parrots’ droppings mean that there’s extra urine. It’ll have a grayish hue, which indicates chlamydophila psittaci (pneumonia).
Parrot Has Lumpy Poop
This may be undigested food if the droppings are thick, lumpy, or unevenly textured. In some cases, you can identify the pieces of food, which could mean the parrot has:
- Issues with its digestive system.
- Proventricular dilatation disease (PDD) affects the nerves and the digestive tract.
- Giardia is a parasite that causes diarrhea.
Why Is My Parrot Pooping Less?
If a parrot is pooping less than normal, this could mean that it is:
Parrots don’t stop eating or lose their appetite without explanation. So, the parrot could be stressed, scared, depressed, or physically unwell.
Why Is My Parrot Pooping So Much?
If a parrot is pooping more than normal, it could have internal problems, such as:
- Pancreatic disease
- Kidney disease
It largely depends on what the parrot is producing when it poops. You can also tell by the ratio of the poop – whether it’s producing more feces, urine, or urates.
Why Has My Parrot Stopped Pooping?
If a parrot isn’t pooping or has a hard time pooping, it may have a blockage due to an egg (dystocia) or something obstructing its gastrointestinal tract.
Parrot Has Watery Poop
If there’s more urine than normal, this could mean that a parrot:
- Is drinking excessively
- Has a bacterial infection
According to Veterinary Clinics of North America, parasitic and bacterial infections are common in parrots. Watery poop is one way to discover if a parrot has this issue.
Parrot Has Dry Poop
If a parrot’s feces are overly dry, it could be dehydrated or have kidney issues.
Abnormal Urine or Urates in Parrots
The color of urine and urates matters as much as the poop itself. If you observe a change, it means:
- Green or yellow urine: Liver disease.
- Red urine: Internal bleeding in the lower half of the digestive tract.
- Green or yellow urates: Liver disease or anorexia.
- Brown urates: Lead poisoning or dried blood.
- Red urates: Kidney disease or internal bleeding.
No Urates In Bird Poop
If a parrot’s poop contains no urates, indicating a kidney problem.
Can You Ignore Abnormal Parrot Poop?
Not every warning sign is a reason for concern, as a parrot may have a mild stomach issue that’ll pass on its own. Also, dietary changes may cause changes in feces. Check for the following signs:
- Has your parrot stopped eating?
- Is the parrot sitting at the bottom of its cage?
- Is the parrot breathing with its mouth open or wheezing?
- Does the parrot have less energy than normal?
- Is the parrot vocalizing more or less than normal?
- Has the parrot’s temperament changed?
These factors should be taken into account alongside the parrot’s droppings. If abnormal poop continues or the parrot shows other health symptoms, seek the opinion of an avian veterinarian.