are parrots allowed to eat fish?

Can Parrots Eat Fish And Seafood?

Seafood and fish are good sources of animal proteins. They’re also high in omega-3 fatty acids, calcium, vitamin d, and phosphorus. They can improve a parrot’s immune system, brain function, bones, feather quality, beak, and energy levels. However, consider the less obvious pitfalls before feeding a parrot fish and seafood.

Parrots can eat fish and seafood. However, exposure to pollutants, toxins, and heavy metals (mercury) can make crabs, shrimp, and shellfish less healthy. This also applies to fish, especially tuna, which is high in mercury. Reduced quantities of these harmful substances are found in salmon, cod, and catfish.

Farm-grown fish are the safest option. If you feed your parrot canned fish, ensure that it’s water-packed without added salt or oil. Fish and seafood can safely be fed to your parrot in small quantities as a treat. However, too much can unbalance your parrot’s diet, lead to digestive issues, and cause weight gain.

Are Parrots Allowed To Eat Fish?

In the right quantities, fish is a healthy choice for parrots. Fish contains valuable nutrients and vitamins that aren’t found in most other foods that parrots eat. However, parrots should only be fed fish once or twice a week as a snack or treat. Fish and seafood shouldn’t be seen as a substitute for your parrot’s other meals.

High Quality Animal Protein

Alongside chicken, fish is considered one of the best sources of animal protein. That’s because it is lower in saturated fat and calories. Parrots rely on high amounts of protein in their diet to:

  • Boost their immune system
  • Give them more energy
  • Strengthen their cardiovascular health
  • Produce healthy blood cells
  • Keep their minds sharp

The best source of protein is from animals. Vegetarian diets contain some protein but tend to lack many of the essential amino acids parrots rely on.

According to Food and Chemical Toxicology, eating the recommended quantity of fish per week can increase a parrot’s lifespan. That’s better than red meats, many of which are linked to diseases, such as:

  • Strokes
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Chronic diseases

Omega 3 Fatty Acids

Fish is one of the finest sources of omega-3 fatty acids. They’re responsible for:

  • Improved brain function
  • Better eyesight
  • Healthier skin
  • Improved feather and beak growth
  • Stronger immunity
  • Metabolic function

Certain kinds of fish contain high amounts of omega-3 fatty acids. For example, salmon and sardines are often used for extracting omega-3 for use in vitamin capsules. Fish also contains the dietary fats, EPA and DHA.

Fish rich in omega 3 fatty acids include salmon, sardines, herring, lake trout, and light tuna.

can parrots eat seafood?


Certain types of fish meat are a good source of calcium. Calcium is important for maintaining joint health and keeping bones strong. That’s even more crucial for parrots, which rely heavily on their:

  • Feathers
  • Talons
  • Beaks

All of these body parts are made of bone. If your parrot is low on calcium, you may find its:

  • Feathers are brittle
  • Beak chipping
  • Talons crack or develop fissures

Adding fish to your parrot’s diet will top it up on this crucial mineral. According to the Journal of Veterinary Medicine, seeds, leafy greens, and fruits aren’t sufficient to accomplish this, so parrots are usually calcium deficient.

Calcium-rich fish include sardines, salmon, anchovy, and shrimp.


Phosphorus plays a vital role in bone formation, so it’s an essential mineral for your parrot’s body. Fish contains phosphorus in abundance. This mineral helps to:

  • Create proteins that are used for growing, maintaining, and repairing cells and tissues.
  • Make ATP, a molecule used in the body to store energy
  • Improve kidney function
  • Regulate muscle contractions
  • Keep the heartbeat steady
  • Keep nerve signals strong

Fish that are high in phosphorus include carp, sardines, clams, and pollock.

Vitamin D

Parrots don’t fare well in dark, secluded environments. This is partly because of how it limits the amount of vitamin D they absorb from the sun. However, if your parrot needs an extra boost during gloomy winter months, feed it some fish. Experts agree that fish and fish products are among the best sources of vitamin D.

The main role of vitamin D is to keep the bones healthy, which it accomplishes by promoting calcium absorption. Even if your parrot ingests calcium and phosphorus, an absence of vitamin D will still lead to brittle and weak bones. While it’s making your parrot’s beak, talons, and feathers stronger, vitamin D will also:

  • Reduce inflammation
  • Promote the growth of cells
  • Strengthen the immune system

The best sources of vitamin d in fish are oily fish, such as mackerel, herring, tuna, and salmon.

Do Parrots Like Fish?

Parrots love the taste of fish. This type of meat is lean, flavorful, and easy to tear through. A lightly cooked piece of tuna will taste like fresh meat in the wild.

However, your parrot may be hesitant to try new foods or even refuse the taste of fish. If that’s the case, you can help your parrot to warm up to the idea:

  • Offer fresh fish. Your parrot might dislike the packed flavor
  • Avoid seasoning or using oil. The more natural the food, the healthier it will be
  • Eat fish with your parrot. It may enjoy sharing a meal with you and trust the meal once it’s seen you eat it
  • Offer it by hand. It may be hesitant to taste new foods in its bowl, but trusts food out of your hand
  • Let it investigate. Set the fish on the table to let your parrot nudge, smell, and lick

Do Parrots Eat Fish In The Wild?

In the wild, parrots rarely eat fish. They struggle to hunt for them. Fish-eating birds have long, sharp beaks to stab fish in the water. Exceptions include the pelican, but this bird has a pouch that allows it to scoop up fish. Since parrots have hooked beaks, it’s difficult for them to snatch up prey from the water.

Aside from that, birds of prey that naturally hunt fish burn a lot of energy doing so. Wild parrots prefer to leisurely forage on bugs, seeds, vegetables, and fruits. They save their energy for long flights and escaping predators.

If parrots could easily catch fish, it would become a regular part of their diet. In the meantime, wild parrots rely on scavenging. If a fish-eating bird has left behind a kill, a parrot will eat the remaining meat. This isn’t a regular occurrence, so most parrots find animals like mice or lizards to gain the necessary amount of dietary protein.

Will Fish Make Parrots Fat?

Of course, wild parrots get much more exercise than domestic parrots. If your pet parrot isn’t spending all day flying, foraging, and playing, this will be a problem. Fish can make your parrot fat in short order. Feed your parrot fish in moderation. It should be treated as a reward or a mild supplement, not the main course.

Can Parrots Eat Seafood?

Parrots can eat seafood, such as:

  • Lobsters
  • Shrimp
  • Clams
  • Oysters
  • Squid
  • Octopus

These types of meat offer the same health benefits as fish. They’re rich in vitamins, minerals, and other essential nutrients. However, they also contain compounds that can make them harmful to parrots. These include:


Shellfish have a higher chance of retaining pollutants found in the oceans. That’s especially true for shellfish, which rely on eating decay or waste found on the seafloors.

While many types of seafood are reared on farms that limit contamination, this isn’t always the case. In fact, wild-caught seafood is often considered fresher and tastier. While you might like this feature, your parrot’s body may not cope as well. Parrots are more susceptible to bacteria and toxins than the average human.

Shellfish Toxins

In addition to man-made chemicals or waste, shellfish may pick up naturally occurring dangers. These include different forms of bacteria, parasites, and toxins.

In particular, crabs and shrimp rely on algae as one of their main food sources. Some types of algae are toxic and remain in the meat of the shellfish. Of course, there are strict safety standards in place to prevent a toxic shellfish from reaching your plate. However, the risk is still higher than with fish.


Heavy metals, such as mercury, can build up inside fish and other marine animals, making them more toxic to eat. Shellfish are more likely to retain these toxins after being cooked.

Smaller fish have higher levels of mercury, and bigger fish will contain less. The preparation of the seafood will also affect the amount of mercury present. Types of fish or seafood that contain less mercury include:

  • Salmon
  • Cod
  • Catfish
  • Pollock
  • Oysters
  • Clams
  • Sardines

Can Parrots Eat Shellfish?

Shellfish contains more toxins than other fish. However, you can safely feed shellfish to a parrot if you:

  • Have checked where the shellfish was sourced
  • Thoroughly cook the shellfish
  • Don’t feed shellfish to young, elderly, or sick parrots

Can Parrots Eat Tuna Fish?

Tuna contains protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and B vitamins, all of which are really healthy for parrots. Unfortunately, tuna also contains high amounts of salt and mercury. In fact, tuna contains more mercury than any other seafood.

Light and skipjack tuna have the lowest mercury concentration, whereas bigeye and albacore tuna have the highest concentration. Like in humans, mercury can accumulate in the body tissue of parrots over time.

Tuna also contains sodium (salt), so tuna should only be fed to parrots in moderation. Opt for water-packed tuna since tuna packed in oil will be too fatty for your parrot, leading to weight gain, digestive issues, and lethargy.

can parrots eat tuna fish?

Can Parrots Eat Salmon?

Salomon is one of the best fish to feed parrots. It’s high in vitamins in minerals, easy to source, and less likely to contain mercury. Both baked and smoked salmon are good choices. Avoid adding salt, lemon juice, or seasonings.

Can Parrots Eat Cod?

Cod has a lower chance of containing mercury. You can grill, smoke, bake, or sear cod in a pan. Ensure that you don’t add oil or flavoring. While it may taste bland to you, plain cod is healthy and delectable to parrots.

Can Parrots Have Crab Legs?

Parrots can eat crab legs, but they are a type of shellfish, which carries additional contamination risks. If you have crab legs that are as well-sourced, they can be a healthy treat.

Crab legs have sweet, juicy meat that’s high in omega-3 fatty acids. They’re also a good source of protein and vitamins. Your parrot may even like prying off the hard outer shell itself.

Can Parrots Eat Shrimp?

Like with crab legs, shrimp consumption carries dangers due to pollutants. However, parrots will benefit from antioxidants and fatty acids. Parrots can peel off the shell and gnaw on the meat underneath, which they’ll find is a fun and enriching experience.

Can Parrots Eat Fish Sticks?

Parrots shouldn’t be fed fish sticks. While the meat at the core is healthy, fish sticks are usually breaded and fried. They will have a high fat content, lots of starch, and added salts.

Can Parrots Eat Sardines?

Sardines are safe to feed to your parrot. However, do so in small quantities because sardines are oily fish that’s high in calories. Salmon and cod are preferred choices.

How To Prepare Seafood For Your Parrot

Thoroughly cooking seafood reduces the amount of toxins present. The best ways to prepare seafood for parrots is:

  • Baking
  • Broiling
  • Grilling
  • Boiling

Don’t add oil, seasoning, or salt during the cooking or food preparation process of fish. So, avoid breading or frying the fish. Fish is already high in sodium, so adding further unhealthy ingredients isn’t recommended.