Many species of parrots are native to countries where mangos are grown, including macaws, African grey parrots, Senegal, Eclectus, Alexandrine, quaker, and Amazon parrots. Not surprisingly, mango is a fruit that many parrots eat in the wild. Mangos are sweet, juicy, and flavorful, which makes them a food that parrots really enjoy.
Parrots can eat mango. This nutritious tropical stone fruit provides a parrot with vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin K, potassium, iron, and folate. A mango’s phytochemicals have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Its fiber content keeps the digestive tract running smoothly, preventing constipation.
Fruit should make up around 10-15% of your parrot’s diet. Most parts of the mango are suitable for parrots to eat, including the flesh and skin. However, the stone contains traces of cyanide, which must be removed.
Is Mango Good for Parrots?
Mango is safe for parrots to eat, and consumption is encouraged because of its numerous health benefits. Mango makes a delicious treat for parrots who crave this succulent tropical fruit’s sweet flavor and juiciness.
Fruit is an essential part of a parrot’s diet because it provides vitamins and minerals that parrots may not get from other food sources. Fruit is found in abundance in their natural habitats.
However, mangos do have a pit in the center. While mango seeds are edible when cooked, the raw pit is toxic. So, mango must be appropriately prepared before being offered to parrots.
The flesh of the mango isn’t poisonous to parrots, so it’s OK for them to eat. As mentioned, the raw pit is toxic. However, as long as the pit is removed before serving, mango is perfectly safe.
Mango contains vitamins and minerals that can keep your parrot healthy. When fed as part of a balanced diet, mango reduces the chances of various health conditions developing. That’s because it contains the following things:
There is 36.4 mg of vitamin C in every 100g of raw mango. While this isn’t as much as guavas (228 mg), mango does contain more vitamin C than many other popular fruits, such as bananas and apples.
Parrots need vitamin C in their diets for the following reasons:
- Robust immune health
- Reduced blood pressure and decreased risk of strokes
- Healing from cuts, wounds, and abrasions
- Blood sugar regulation
- Preventing repiratory issues
- Cateract prevention
Given that vitamin C isn’t produced or stored by the body, your parrot must get enough through its diet.
According to MSD Manual, vitamin A is crucial for a healthy immune system. Parrots that are fed an all-seed diet are most at risk from vitamin A deficiencies. Signs of a vitamin A deficiency include:
- Nasal discharge
- Swelling around the eyes
- Shortness of breath
- Passing large amounts of urine (polyuria)
- Excessive thirst or drinking
- Poor feather quality
- Feather picking
- Secondary bacterial infections
With 54 mcg per 100 grams, feeding your parrot mango is one way to avoid a vitamin A deficiency.
There is 4.2 ug of vitamin K in every 100 grams of mango. While mango doesn’t have as much vitamin K as lettuce, it still provides parrots with a welcome boost.
Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that’s essential for strong bones and healthy eggshells, reducing the chances of chick mortality. It also promotes blood clotting, preventing cuts and scrapes from bleeding profusely. When a parrot has a severe vitamin K deficiency, it’s at risk of internal hemorrhages.
As described by MDPI, mango is a rich source of polyphenols, which are a diverse group of organic micronutrients. These include:
- Gallic acid
- Ellagic acid
Along with these nutrients, mango contains 25 carotenoids. As described by Science Media Exchange, carotenoids convert into vitamin A, improving a parrot’s immune defenses and preventing cellular damage.
Psittacines need trace minerals, such as potassium, in their diet. Potassium is necessary for strong bone development, regulating fluids, muscle and nerve function, hormone creation, and good heart health.
There is 168 mg of potassium in 100 grams of mango. Bananas are another rich source of potassium if you’re seeking an alternative fruit that your parrot enjoys eating in the wild.
The consumption of high potassium fruits should be moderated if your parrot has kidney problems.
Mango is a rich source of folate. Parrots need folate to form uric acid, which is a waste product expelled from the parrot’s body in the form of urates. Parrots with a folate deficiency may experience:
- A weakened immune system
- Impaired cell division
- Under-development of the reproductive tract
Nutritional Information of Mango
According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), one cup of raw mango (165g) contains:
|Nutrient or Mineral||Amount|
|Vitamin A||89.1 µg|
|Vitamin C||60.1 mg|
|Vitamin B-6||0.196 mg|
|Vitamin K||6.9 µg|
Can Parrots Eat Mango Skin?
Some owners mistakenly believe mango skin to be inedible and throw it away. However, the skin of mangoes is high in antioxidants and essential nutrients, including fiber. This will be beneficial for your parrot’s digestive system.
While the skin is fun for parrots to tear through, it has a slightly bitter taste, which some parrots might not enjoy. The skin also contains urushiol, which is a mix of organic chemicals. Although not toxic, it causes an allergic reaction in some parrots.
Can Parrots Eat Mango Seed?
As mango is a stone fruit, mango seed contains a compound called amygdalin. When eaten, it’s broken down into hydrogen cyanide, which is poisonous.
Cyanide isn’t a heat-stable substance that doesn’t survive cooking, so roasting the mango seed is the best way to make them safe for parrots to eat. However, it’s recommended that the stone is completely removed.
Can Parrots Have Dried Mango?
Freeze drying locks in the beneficial vitamins and minerals that make your parrot healthy.
However, when getting dried mango from the grocery store, check the ingredients list. Avoid any that contain sulfides, as they sometimes cause an allergic reaction. Similarly, avoid any that contain preservatives and additives.
Can Parrots Drink Mango Juice?
As long as mango juice is prepared from fresh mango, it’s OK for your parrot to drink. You can offer it in your parrot’s water dish. If the flavor is too strong or sweet for your parrot, you can dilute it with fresh water.
Store-bought mango juice is high in sugar and additives to keep it fresher for longer. So, it’s unsuitable for parrots as it may lead to weight gain. It might not have the same nutrients as fresh juice due to the manufacturing process.
How To Prepare And Feed Parrots Mango?
Wash the mango, remove the seed/stone, and cut the fruit into manageable portions. This can be a quarter, third, or half, depending on the size of your parrot. Feed it directly to your parrot and let it tear it into pieces.
Alternatively, remove the skin and seed and cut it up into small bitesize chunks. Place the chunks into a dish and let your parrot pick them out. This is the easiest and cleanest method, but it takes the nutrients found in the skin.
Mango is a good source of vitamins and minerals for parrots. Most parrots love the taste, texture, and juiciness of the fruit. However, due to the high sugar levels, limit your parrot’s mango intake.