Last Updated on: 22nd November 2023, 02:55 pm
Guava (Psidium guayava) is a nutritious, flavorful tropical fruit from the Myrtaceae family.
Parrots can safely eat guava 1-2 times per week, alongside other fruits. Adding guava to a parrot’s diet allows it to benefit from the nutrient-rich flesh, skin, and seeds.
Guava contains antioxidants, vitamins B3, B6, and C, calcium, potassium, manganese, magnesium, and iron. It’s also high in dietary fiber, adding bulk to the stool and assisting with digestive transit.
Most vitamins and minerals are near the skin. Unfortunately, the skin has a bitter flavor, which not all parrots enjoy. The seeds of the guava, also an acquired taste, are nutritious and crunchy.
Can Parrots Eat Guava?
Parrots are fruit eaters, so they feast on guavas in the wild. This gives them the energy to fly and explore.
Parrots can eat all parts of the guava fruit, including the skin and seeds. Captive birds benefit from the mental stimulation from tearing into the skin, keeping their minds active.
Parrots like guava’s sweet and juicy flavor but may dislike the skin and seeds due to their bitter taste.
When it comes to preparation, you can feed guava to pet parrots in these ways:
- Slice it into wedges.
- Halve the guava and scoop out the flesh.
- Blend it with water to make a refreshing guava juice drink.
A parrot will have a preferred way to eat guava, which will become apparent.
Guava Nutritional Information
The U.S Department of Agriculture outlines the nutrients in an average 55-gram guava:
|Vitamin C||126 mg|
|Vitamin B3 (niacin)||0.596 mg|
|Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)||0.061 mg|
|Vitamin E||0.402 mg|
Is Guava Healthy for Parrots?
Guava contains the following nutrients:
Vitamin B3 is involved in the conversion of fat, carbs, and protein into usable energy. It’s also essential for robust brain, nerve, and immune function.
Vitamin B6 releases energy from food, preventing tiredness and fatigue. It’s also required for blood flow and avoiding high blood pressure (hypertension)
Guava is among the best sources of vitamin C (ascorbic acid), containing 4 times more than oranges. Vitamin C is essential for immune health. Other benefits include:
- It enables parrots’ bodies to absorb iron.
- Maintains consistent blood sugar levels.
- Aids muscle and bone development.
- Stabilizes blood cholesterol levels.
- Wards against memory-related conditions.
Vitamin C fights off infections while enabling parrots to heal from skin cuts, abrasions, and flesh wounds.
Parrots’ bodies can synthesize vitamin C from glucose in the liver, so it needn’t come from a dietary source. Vitamin C deficiencies in parrots are comparatively rare.
Guava contains dietary fiber, which keeps the digestive system functioning optimally.
The Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences stated that extract from the guava plant’s leaf, root, and stem is used as antidiarrheal therapy in traditional medicines.
Fiber also slows down the transit of food through the gut, leaving birds feeling less hungry.
Foods high in fiber contain acetate, a molecule that controls appetite. Acetate is naturally released when the gut digests fiber, sending signals to the brain that it’s time to stop eating.
If a parrot is prone to weight gain, feed them more high-fiber foods like guava.
Potassium is essential for bone and muscle formation. It combines with sodium to regulate the following:
- Muscle contractions.
- Nerve signals.
- Fluid balance.
Potassium helps prevent anemia and assists with the blood clotting process.
Manganese is a trace mineral, which means parrots only need small amounts. It’s essential for strong bones and eggshells, so breeding parrots will benefit from manganese.
One guava contains 12.1 mg of magnesium. It’s essential for:
- Healthy nerves and muscles.
- Strong bones.
- Temperature regulation.
Magnesium minimizes the risk of rickets, calcium deficiencies, and seizures.
A calcium deficiency (hypocalcemia) is a common nutritional disorder in parrots. Seeds, nuts, and pellets don’t contain the calcium parrots need, so this mineral must come from other dietary sources.
Guava contains calcium for strong bones and eggshells. Dietary calcium from fruits like guava can reduce the incidence or prevent the following health problems:
- Muscle pain and contractions.
- Heart disorders.
- Weak eggshells.
Parrots shouldn’t consume dairy products like milk, cream, and cheese because they lack lactase, making it harder to process lactose. Dairy consumption can lead to diarrhea and runny poop.
Feeding birds foods like guava, broccoli, watercress, and cuttlebone is essential.
Iron is needed to create hemoglobin, which carries oxygenated blood around the body, ensuring it reaches a bird’s organs. Parrots that lack enough iron are at risk of anemia.
Too much iron can lead to iron storage disease (ISD). This life-threatening condition occurs when excess iron accumulates in the liver, damaging hepatic lysosomes and releasing ionic iron.
According to the Sunway Academic Journal, guava is high in antioxidants. Specifically, guava’s rich in gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, ferulic acid, ascorbic acid, quercetin, caffeic acid, and quercetin.
Antioxidants reduce the damage caused by releasing free radicals from bodily processes and environmental pollutants, minimizing oxidative stress.
This benefits the body because it reduces inflammation, supports brain function and eye health, and protects against degenerative diseases and the effects of aging.
Many antioxidants are found in and near the skin, so peeling the fruit is unwise. Instead, wash the guava under the cold tap to remove dirt, bacteria, and traces of pesticide.
Can Parrots Eat Guava Seeds?
Guava seeds contain vitamin A, which keeps the eyes and immune system healthy. Also, guava seeds are a good source of potassium, normalizing fluid and blood pressure levels.
Guava seeds act as laxatives, assisting with healthy, regular bowel movements.
Can Parrots Eat Guava Skin?
Many nutrients are found in the guava’s skin, which has more phenol and ascorbic acid than peeled guava. Similarly, most of the fruit’s vitamin C is near the surface.
The rough and abrasive skin helps wear down the beak.
As stated, the skin tastes bitter. Some parrots enjoy the flavor, but many don’t.
Can Parrots Drink Guava Juice?
Never buy store-bought guava juice because it contains extra sugar, additives, and preservatives.
Homemade guava juice is nutritious and hydrating. It makes a delicious treat, especially if a parrot isn’t drinking sufficient water. When juicing guava, blend it with water so it has fewer calories.
Feeding a parrot guava 1-2 times a week means it’ll benefit from health-enhancing vitamins and minerals.